Glossary of Terms

A

AIH – Autoimmune Hepatitis

ALP – Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)

ALT – Alanine Aminotransferase (sometimes called SGPT)

AST – Aspartate Aminotransferase (sometimes called SGOT)

Asymptomatic – displaying no symptoms

B

Bacterial cholangitis – infection in the bile ducts

Bile ducts – the passages that carry bile from the liver to the intestines

BMD – bone mass density

C

CCA – cholangiocarcinoma (bile duct cancer)

CD – Crohn’s Disease

Cholangiocarcinoma – bile duct cancer

Choledocholithiasis – biliary stones

Colonoscopy – test to examine the colon and rectum

D

DEXA – bone density scan

E

ERCP – Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram

Extrahepatic – outside the liver

F

Fatigue – debilitating tiredness

G

GGT – Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase

H

HCC – hepatocellular carcinoma

HE – hepatic encephalopathy

I

IAC – Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) Associated Cholangitis

IBD – Inflammatory Bowel Disease

IgG4 – Immunoglobulin G4

Intrahepatic – within the liver

L

LFT – Liver function test

M

MRCP Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography

P

Portal hypertension – high blood pressure

Pruritus – itching

PSC – Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis

PSCer – someone affected by PSC

R

RUQ – right upper quadrant of body

S

SGOT – Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST)

SGPT – Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT)

Stricture – narrowing

U

URQ – upper right quadrant of body